Dam Failures in March – St. Francis Dam Disaster

St Francis Dam Failure, 12 March 1928.  Failed catastrophically upon its first full filling, near midnight, killing at least 450 people.  Seepage (dirty water)  was observed the day of the failure. A massive landslide occurred in the dams left abutment, comprised of schist.

“Greatest American civil engineering failure in the 20th century.”

Remaining Portions of Dam After Failure.

Historical Society of Southern California:  St. Francis Dam Disaster.

Excellent Photo Display at:  St. Francis Dam collapse – Framework – Photos and Video – Visual Storytelling from the Los Angeles Times.

Type: Concrete Gravity Thick Arch Dam, Maximum Height = 195 feet, Storage (at time of failure) = 38,000 acre-feet